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Massachusetts Lawmakers Exploring 4-Day Workweek

Massachusetts legislators are currently considering a bill aimed at promoting four-day work weeks within the state. This innovative initiative, known as the Massachusetts Smart Week pilot program, intends to incentivize employers through tax credits for their participation in a two-year pilot program which requires them to share their outcomes with the state for future analysis. The program aims to provide valuable insights into the potential impact of a four-day workweek on both employers and employees. Companies that volunteer to participate in the program are asked to remain in the program for the full two-year trial period to assess the feasibility and impact of the plan.  As part of the program, participating employers will not be permitted to reduce the pay of participating employees.


The bill seeks to redefine the traditional workweek structure by mandating employers to compensate overtime at 1.5 times an individual’s base wage once they exceed 32 hours, as opposed to the conventional 40 hours. This would be the first significant adjustment to the standard workweek since 1938.


The proponents of the bill believe that in a challenging labor market, characterized by stiff competition for talent, employers will be forced to innovate regarding their labor needs.  Of course, this assumes employers will not be able to continue their current practices and simply pay employees eight extra hours of overtime (as opposed to straight time) each week.  No one yet has discussed what those innovations are.


The potential benefits of a shorter workweek are multifaceted. Not only could it address the pervasive issue of employee burnout, but it also has the potential to enhance worker satisfaction, productivity, and overall well-being.  Additionally, the proposal anticipates a decline in resignations and a notable surge in job applications, aligning with the dynamics of the contemporary labor market.


While the concept of a shortened workweek remains relatively novel, a handful of states in addition to Massachusetts are exploring its feasibility including California, Missouri, Pennsylvania, and Texas. The challenges seem great. We will see if this idea gains traction.


Brody and Associates regularly advises management on complying with the latest local, state, and federal employment laws.  If we can be of assistance in this area, please contact us at info@brodyandassociates.com or 203.454.0560.